Ficaria verna Hudson

Locations ofFicaria verna Hudson in Virginia

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Botanical Name
Ficaria verna Hudson
Common Name
Lesser Celandine
Ranunculus ficaria L.
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Ficaria verna Hudson
Recognition of varieties or subspecies is somewhat controversial, but a paper by Post, et als (J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3(1):193-209 (2009), found "five entities that can be reasonably referred to subspecies". Of these, two are reported from Virginia: ssp. verna (Fairfax) and ssp. calthifolia (Reichenb.) Nyman (Albemarle, Fairfax). Unfortunately, their map doesn't quite coincide with the specimen citations, and the Arlington and Chesapeake records were not part of the study.
Floodplain forests, rich upland forests, and disturbed urban forests; a very shade-tolerant, invasive exotic. Locally common in the Potomac River and James River watersheds, and becoming so elsewhere. Based on recent records, this species is spreading rapidly and is often rampantly invasive.
Native Status

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